Our Curriculum

Children in Year 1 – 6 study the National Curriculum. Subjects are most often combined into topics to aid understanding and make learning relevant and exciting.

The Curriculum your children will following will depend on which Key Stage they are in:

Reception:   Early Years Foundation Stage

Years 1 & 2: Key Stage 1

Years 3 & 4: Lower Key Stage 2

Years 5 & 6: Upper Key Stage 2

Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum

The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum is taught in Reception.
For more information please click on the link below.


Currently, Foundation, Y1 and Y2 are taught across two classrooms with a full time teacher and two full time teaching assistants and an additional teacher for Y2 three mornings a week.

The National Curriculum

The National Curriculum applies to pupils of compulsory school age in maintained schools. For each subject and each Key Stage, programmes of study set out what pupils should be taught in which year group. http://www.education.gov.uk/schools/teachingandlearning/curriculum/primary


In Key Stage 1 pupils learn:

  • to speak confidently and listen to what others have to say
  • the phonic building blocks and early spelling rules
  • to begin to read and write independently and with enthusiasm
  • to use language to explore their own experiences and imaginary worlds

In Key Stage 2 pupils learn to:

  • secure the spelling rules and the structures of English grammar
  • change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences.
  • read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them.
  • explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how language works.

English is taught in a number of ways at Jacobstow:

·         Literacy lessons - reading, writing, speaking and listening. Children will study different  texts and writing genres in differentiated  lessons.

·         Daily phonics activities at FS and Y1/2

·         Daily reinforcement of spelling, grammar and punctuation at KS2

·         Group Reading - Children study a book together in a small group according to their reading age.

·         Individual Reading – children have daily periods of silent reading – during this time adults in each room may hear individual children read.  It is not possible within the crowded curriculum timetable to hear all children read in school so we encourage parents to listen to their children read at home as much as possible and for minimum of 10 minutes each day.                                                   

It is important to continue to support your child at home as they become more independent readers. The children have a reading record that they will bring home each day; we encourage you to use this so that we can monitor your child’s reading and so that we can ensure that they have a regular change of books to stimulate their interest and enthusiasm for reading.

Reading Schemes - When children are first starting to read we use a range of different reading schemes which are colour coded, but our core scheme is The Oxford Reading Tree; including their phonic updates.  We also slot in the Pearson Phonic Bug books into the structure of the scheme as this supports the phonic teaching each day in class.

As children become more confident about their reading we have a range of colour coded free reading books within the school library which children chose from.

Phonics - The school uses Letters and Sounds as the core for it's phonics teaching, supported by Bug Club Phonics.

·         Children have opportunities to improve their specific skills through intervention activities

·         Computer games and software also support literacy development – e.g. Nessy, Talking stories, Bug Club Phonics

.         A range of online games and support materials are also used.

·         English is also developed through other topic based learning in other subjects.


During Key Stage 1 pupils develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematics by learning:

  • through practical activity, exploration and discussion
  • to count, read, write and order numbers and manipulate to 100 and beyond
  • a range of mental calculation skills and use these confidently in different settings
  • about shape and space through practical activity which builds on their understanding of their immediate environment
  • to grasp mathematical language, using it to talk about their methods and explain their reasoning when solving problems

During Key Stage 2 pupils use the number system more confidently they learn to:

  • to calculate fluently with all four number operations
  • to tackle a problem with mental methods before using any other approach
  • explore features of shape and space and develop their measuring skills in a range of contexts
  • discuss and present their methods and reasoning using a wider range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts
  • apply their understanding in a range of different contexts including other curriculum areas such as science and DT and by using computer based learning

Maths lessons – children follow the  curriculum in differentiated lessons supported by a range of learning materials.  The key planning for maths across the schools is based around the White Rose maths hub materials.

See the attached calculation policy.

Children are also guided towards mastery in maths through additional work through the White Rose maths hub and STEM activities.


During Key Stage 1 pupils are taught to work scientifically through observation, exploration and ask questions.  They begin to work together to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to simple scientific ideas. They evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They use reference materials to find out more about scientific ideas. They share their ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables.

The science Key Stage 1 curriculum consists of scientific enquiry into:

  • Plants
  • Animals including humans
  • Everyday Materials and their uses
  • Seasonal Changes
  • Living Things and their Habitats

During Key Stage 2 pupils learn about a wider range of living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out more systematic investigations, working on their own and with others. They use a range of reference sources in their work. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.

The science Key Stage 2 curriculum consists of:

In Year 3

  • Plants
  • Animals including humans
  • Rocks
  • Light
  • Forces and Magnets


In Year 4

  • Animals including humans
  • Living Things and their Habitats
  • States of Matter
  • Sounds
  • Electricity


In Year 5

  • Animals including humans
  • Living Things and their Habitats
  • Forces
  • Earth and Space
  • Properties and Changes of Materials


In Year 6

  • Animals including humans
  • Evolution and Inheritance
  • Light
  • Electricity

Science is taught through topics and as discrete lessons. Where possible it is taught through practical investigations and field trips.



At KS 1 children develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They learn about chronological time scales and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They develop an historical vocabulary and begin to ask and answer questions and understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.

They learn about significant:

  • local events or characters in history
  • events within living memory
  • events beyond living memory
  • individual who have shaped history


At KS2 children will continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.  They will refine their study skills and begin to secure a greater awareness of the differences of evidence and the validity and security of that evidence in creating a picture of the past.


They learn about:


·         changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age

·         the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

·         Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots

·         the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

·         local history

·         an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066

·         the achievements of the earliest civilizations

·         Ancient Greece

·         a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history



At KS1 the children will develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They will begin to use geographical vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and the geographical skill of first-hand observation.

They learn about:


·         world’s seven continents and five oceans

·         the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas

·         the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European            country

·         seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to                the Equator and the North and South Poles

·         key physical features & key human features


At KS2 will enhance and further develop their geographical skills and vocabulary whilst learning about:


·         The major countries of the world, their location on the world map and their main environmental and human characteristics

·         Ordnance Survey Map reading and compass use

·         Observation, measurement and recording of information

·         Key physical features of landscapes

·         Settlements



Our aim is to ensure that music-making is enjoyable whilst also improving listening skills, concentration, co-operation and confidence.  In KS1 children will have the opportunity to explore a variety of percussion and simple wind instruments and singing.

KS 2 music is taught in class following the key elements of the music curriculum. The Y5/6 teacher is a skilled musician who leads whole school singing.

 There are also other music lessons offered through the Cornwall music service such as guitar.   Please contact the school office for further information about these.

We provide opportunities for music performance through our music assemblies, concerts and plays.

Physical Education

At Jacobstow we have a strong sporting tradition and we offer a full and varied PE Curriculum. Children are taught the knowledge, skills and understanding of PE through five areas of activity:

·         Dance

·         Games

·         Gymnastics

·         Athletics

·         Swimming

 We have a strong commitment to teaching swimming to a high standard. The KS2 children swim at SPLASH each week during the Autumn Term. Most of our children leave us being able to swim to the minimum level suggested by the National Curriculum.  We have the Youth Sports Trust Silver Award.  We use sports coaches to help to deliver high quality lessons and to support staff training development.

We offer a range of extra-curricular clubs  for the children to attend and throughout the year.  The children participate in additional sporting opportunities and interschool competitions and league events. 

We have strong sporting links with our partner schools in the Cooperative Trust.

Art and Design

Pupils develop their creativity and imagination by exploring the visual, tactile and sensory qualities of materials and processes. They learn about the role of art, craft and design in their environment. They begin to understand colour, shape and space and pattern and texture and use them to represent their ideas and feelings.

Art and Design are taught as part of wider topics using mediums such as paint, collage, clay, textiles and resistant materials. We involve ourselves in larger community projects when the opportunities arise.

Personal Social and Health Education (PSHE)

PSHE is central to the caring attitudes we promote in all our children. At Jacobstow we follow a range of different  programmes to develop  PSHE across the school. These include some of the following topics:

·         New Beginnings

·         Getting on and Falling out

·         Going for Goals

·         Good to be me

·         Relationships

·         Changes

These are taught in assemblies, R-Time and PSHE lessons.

R-Time stands for ‘Relationships for Education’ it is a structured programme for children from Early Years Foundation Stage to the end of Primary School it teaches: respect, courtesy and good behaviour. It reduces bullying and accelerates learning.   It is based on 3 rules which we believe are rules for life not just for school

·         Show good manners and respect at all times

·         Care for everyone and everything

·         Follow instructions with thought and care

.For more information about R-Time see:         http://www.rtime.info/uk

Outdoor Learning

We promote active, imaginative learning, team work and risk taking through outdoor learning activities based in and around our school environment.  They activities are taught through the principles of Forest School teaching and are led by our Forest School trained teacher who teaches KS1 children and a qualified teacher who teaches KS2.  The children learn about the immediate school grounds and environment, they learn about the plants and animals, how to safely use tools, light fires and be creative within the environment.  We encourage them to work cooperatively. The learning promotes elements of physical activity, geographical and scientific skills and knowledge and helps to develop their social and emotional wellbeing.  It also allows those who find elements of formal learning challenging and opportunity to shine.

Information Technology

Pupils learn to use ICT tools and information sources to support their work in other subjects. They develop their research skills and decide what information is appropriate for their work. They begin to question the plausibility and quality of information. They learn how to amend their work and present it in a way that suits its audience.  They learn simple coding skills and algorithms.

The school takes e safety seriously and all children accessing the internet are taught the importance of being safe online using the CEOP guidance.

ICT is taught as a discrete lesson and through other subjects.

Modern Foreign Language

In addition, all children in Key Stage 2 learn French.  We use ‘Early Start French ’ and 'Inspire'  as our key curriculum plans for teaching MFL.  They learn simple vocabulary, conversation skills, about French life and culture and begin in to write simple phrases and present work in a written form.

Religious Education

At Jacobstow we follow the Cornwall Agreed Syllabus for R.E.

The aim of Religious Education is to help pupils to "engage confidently, constructively and reflectively with beliefs, values and lifestyles in a religiously diverse world." (Cornwall Agreed Syllabus for R.E.)

Children must have had the opportunity to:

·                       develop knowledge and understanding of religions in Cornwall and the UK in the present day

·                       acquire knowledge and understanding of how religious traditions have shaped the identity of Cornwall specifically

·                       develop an understanding of the influence of beliefs, values and traditions on individuals, communities, societies and                          cultures

·                       develop the ability to make reasoned and informed judgements about issues arising from the study of religions

·                       reflect on their own beliefs, values and experiences as part of their study

·                       be aware that not all people have a religious belief but that they still have  a set of values by which they live


Early years Foundation Stage: children are taught through their specific curriculum areas the value of reflection and develop their understanding of religion, primarily Christianity, through stories, traditions, places, people.

Key Stage 1: Christianity and Hinduism
Key Stage 2: Christianity, Islam, Judaism and Sikhism.

At each keystage children will be made aware of secular world views and that some people have no religious tradition.

The children learn about the following religions, over the year approximately 60% Christianity and 40% other religions.

Where possible the children have the opportunity to visit places of worship and meet people of different faiths. There is a strong Cornish element in the syllabus and the children will learn about Cornish traditions and religious history such as Padstow ‘obby oss, St.Piran, Helston Flora Day, Maisy Day etc

Parents can chose to withdraw their children from all or part of the RE curriculum but must inform the school of their decision to do so in writing. Before making such a decision the school would encourage parents to come in to an RE lesson to make an informed choice.

Collective Worship

There is a daily assembly where collective worship takes place. This is done as a whole school and links with our PSHE and RE work as well as celebrating key festivals from different faiths throughout the year.   On Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, these are school/class lead assemblies, on Thursdays we have visitors such as the Open the Book team. Friday is our celebration assembly where we review the week and present certificates.

All parents have the right to withdraw their children from assemblies if they wish to.  Parents should contact the head teacher is they wish to do this.


We hope that you find this information informative in helping you understand the learning expectations for your children in school. 

The school uses a topic based approach to delivering the National Curriculum. This allows children to learn in a fun and exciting way giving relevance to their learning.  Some elements of the 'Inspire ' curriculum are used as a starting point for developing half termly topics.  Links to the half term overviews are on the class pages.

Please use the links below to guide you through that curriculum

National Curriculum Overview